TAMAR (Heb. תָּמָר), locality on the borders of Judah, appearing as Hazazon-Tamar in Genesis 14:7, where it is described as a dwelling place of the Amorites between Kadesh and Sodom. This precludes the identification with En-Gedi attempted in II Chronicles 20:2. According to the Masoretic Text of I Kings 9:18, Solomon built "Tamar in the wilderness," but this reading is not certain as the parallel verse in II Chronicles 8:4 has Tadmor (Palmyra). Ezekiel lists it as a boundary point of the land of Israel, together with Meribath-Kadesh (47:19; 48:28). A Roman fort called Thamara is indicated on the Tabula Peutingeriana, a Roman road map, and is also mentioned by the geographer Ptolemy and by Eusebius (Onom. 8:6ff.), who places it one day's journey from Mampsis (Kurnub). It is also shown on the madaba map . Alt has identified the fort of Tamar with Qaṣr al-Juhayniyya (present-day Mesad Tamar), but Aharoni has argued convincingly for an identification with ʿ Ayn al-Ḥuṣb (En Hezeva), where there are remains of a Roman fort garrisoned by Cohors I Centenaria. Excavations were made at the site of the castellum by M. Gichon in 1973–76. The fort was apparently founded prior to the Roman annexation of the area from the Nabateans in 106 C.E., with the corner towers added at the time of Trajan. Abandoned during the time of Hadrian, the fort was seized at the time of Aurelian's conquest of the Palmyran Empire in 271–73 C.E. The fort was in use, with minor repairs, until the Muslim conquest of 635 C.E. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Aharoni, IEJ, 13 (1963), 30–42. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Roll, IEJ, 39 (1989), 260; Y. Tsafrir, L. Di Segni, and J. Green, Tabula Imperii Romani. IudaeaPalaestina. Maps and Gazetteer. (1994), 247, S.V. "Thamara." (Michael Avi-Yonah / Shimon Gibson (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TAMAR — (Heb. תָּמָר; date palm ), the name of three biblical figures. (1) Judah s daughter in law, the wife of his firstborn son, Er (Gen. 38:6; II Chron. 2:3–4). After Er s early death, Tamar became the wife of his brother, onan , in accordance with… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Tamar — bezeichnet: Tamar (England), ein Fluss in Cornwall, England, Großbritannien Tamar River (Tasmanien), ein Fluss im Norden Tasmaniens, Australien eine biblische Frau, siehe Tamar (Bibel) einen biblischen Ort, siehe Tamar (Ort) einen Teil der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tamar — es un nombre femenino de origen hebreo תמר, que signifíca palmera. Tamar es también la raíz de los nombres Tamara y Tammy. Tamar en Eslovenia, bello paraje de los Alpes Julianos. En el Antiguo Testamento hay dos personajes de este nombre, ambos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tamar 2 — est un champ gazier en cours de test d exploitation situé à 90km des côtes israéliennes au large de Haïfa. Tamar 2 atteint près de 180 milliards de m3 de gaz naturel selon les estimations les plus récentes (juillet 2009)[1]. Les revenus de l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • tamar — TAMÁR, tamare, s.n. Unealtă de care se servesc zidarii la căratul cărămizilor, formată dintr o scândură cu un suport în partea de jos şi care se poartă în spate, legată cu nişte frânghii; targă (1). – et. nec. Trimis de andreeadima, 13.09.2007.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Tamar — Tamar, Fluß im nördlichen Theile der Insel Tasmania (Vandiemensland) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tamar — (Tamer, spr. tēmer), Grenzfluß zwischen den englischen Grafschaften Cornwall und Devon, mündet in den Plymouthsund; 96 km lang. Sein Ästuar bildet die berühmte Reede Hamoaze. Er ist bis Launceston schiffbar, von wo ein Kanal nach Budehaven an der …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tamar — f Jewish: very popular modern Hebrew name; see TAMARA (SEE Tamara). Variant: Tama …   First names dictionary

  • Tamar — Tamar, Thamar biblischer Name hebräischen Ursprungs, Bedeutung: Dattelpalme. hebräischer Ursprung, Bedeutung: Dattelpalme; auch ein Mädchenname …   Deutsch namen

  • Tamar — NOTOC Tamar may refer to:Personal name* Tamar (name), a female name of Hebrew origin, now popular among various peoples ** Tamar (Bible) ( Date Palm ), married in turn to Er and then, when widowed, to his younger brother Onan; had children by… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”